Windows Server 2008 Network Policy Server (nps) Operations Guide icon

Windows Server 2008 Network Policy Server (nps) Operations Guide




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НазваWindows Server 2008 Network Policy Server (nps) Operations Guide
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Managing NPS Servers


Managing NPS servers across your organization means providing NPS server availability, with approved and consistent network policies configured across your NPS deployment.

When you manage NPS servers, you ensure that RADIUS clients have access to the servers, that NPS servers have permission to access your user account databases, and that RADIUS traffic is sent and received on the same UDP ports.

In addition, you can synchronize server configurations in whole or in part by using Netsh commands for NPS.

The following tasks for managing NPS servers are described in this objective:

    ^ Administer NPS by Using Tools

    Configure NPS on a Multihomed Computer

    Configure NPS UDP Port Information

    Disable NAS Notification Forwarding

    Export an NPS Server Configuration for Import on Another Server

    Increase the Number of NPS Concurrent Authentications

    Interpret NPS Database Format Log Files

    Register an NPS Server in Another Domain

    Register an NPS Server in its Default Domain

    Unregister an NPS Server from its Default Domain

    Verify Configuration After an NPS Server IP Address Change

    Verify Configuration After Renaming an NPS Server
^

Administer NPS by Using Tools


NPS provides three tools that you can use to administer NPS: the NPS console, the NPS Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in, and the Netsh commands for NPS (netsh nps).

The following procedures show how to manage NPS using these tools:

    ^ Enable Remote Administration of an NPS Server

    Enter the Netsh NPS Context on an NPS Server

    Installing NPS

    Manage an NPS Server by Using Remote Desktop Connection

    Manage Multiple NPS Servers by Using the NPS MMC Snap-in

    Configure the Local NPS Server by Using the NPS Console
^

Enable Remote Administration of an NPS Server


You can use this procedure to enable the Remote administration exception in Windows Firewall with Advanced Security.

You can use the Network Policy Server (NPS) Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in to manage both the local and remote NPS servers. To manage remote servers, however, you must first enable the ^ Remote administration exception on the firewall of the NPS server that you want to manage.

Administrative Credentials

To complete this procedure, you must be a member of the Administrators group.

^ To enable remote administration of an NPS server

    1. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

    2. In Control Panel, verify that Control Panel Home is selected. Under Security, click Allow a program through Windows Firewall. The Windows Firewall Settings dialog box opens.

    3. In Windows Firewall Settings, verify that the Exceptions tab is selected.

    4. In Program or port, scroll to and select the Remote administration check box, and then click OK.


^

Enter the Netsh NPS Context on an NPS Server


You can use commands in the Netsh NPS context to show and set the configuration of the authentication, authorization, accounting, and auditing database used both by NPS and the Routing and Remote Access service. Use commands in the Netsh NPS context to:

     Configure or reconfigure an NPS server, including all aspects of NPS that are also available for configuration by using the NPS console in the Windows interface.

     Export the configuration of one NPS server (the source server), including registry keys and the NPS configuration store, as a Netsh script.

     Import the configuration to another NPS server by using a Netsh script and the exported configuration file from the source NPS server.

You can run these commands from the Windows Server 2008 command prompt or from the command prompt for the Netsh NPS context. For these commands to work at the Windows Server 2008 command prompt, you must type netsh nps before typing additional commands and their parameters.

There are functional differences between Netsh context commands in the Windows Server 2003 family and Netsh commands in Windows Server 2008.

^ Administrative Credentials

To perform this procedure, you must be a member of the Administrators group on the local computer.

To enter the Netsh NPS context on an NPS server

    1. Open Command Prompt.

    2. Type netsh, and then press ENTER.

    3. Type nps, and then press ENTER.


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