Ministry of Education of Ukraine Lviv National University named after I. Franko Faculty of Geology icon

Ministry of Education of Ukraine Lviv National University named after I. Franko Faculty of Geology




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Ministry of Education of Ukraine

Lviv National University named after I.Franko

Faculty of Geology

Department of Historical Geology and Paleontology


APPROVED”

Leschuh R.Y., Dean

“ ____” ___________ 2003

Syllabus


Subject: HISTORICAL GEOLOGY

Specialty: 6.070700 “Geology”

Form of tuition: Fulltime

Year of education: 2

Semester: 3, 4

Extract from Educational Curriculum


Semester

Total hours

Lectures

Labs

consultations

test

Exam

3, 4

89

34

68

-

3 semester

4 semester



Compiled by: S.S.Krizhevich, assistant professor for department of historical geology and paleontology.


Considered at the Recommended by

Historical Geology Methodological Council of

and Paleontology Faculty of Geology

Department Meeting


Head of the Department Head of the Methodological Council

___________ R.Y. Leschuh. ___________ Pavlun M.M.

“____” __________2003 “_____” ____________2003.








^ Topic and brief contents of the course

Number of hours


lectures

labs

1

Subject and method of historical geology. Origin of historical geological method. Geological object – main object of study. Definition of ‘geological time” and geological form of development of matter.

2

4



2

Methods of determining age of rocks and geological objects. Reconstruction of processes of geological past. Definition of “relative age”. Law of Stenon. Paleontological method. Definition of “ruling form”. Theory of evolution of Charles Darwin. Criticism of theories of catastrophism and uniformism. Zonal method. Analysis of complex of geological features.

4

8

3

Methods of absolute geochronology. General characteristics of process of radioactive decomposition of elements. Characteristics of main methods of absolute geochronology. Uranium, lead, potassium-strontium methods. Peculiarities of interpreting definitions of absolute age of metamorphic rocks.

2

4

4

International geochronological and stratigraphical scale. History of its origin and main features of structure. Correlation with data of other scales.

2

4

5

Method of reconstruction of conditions of rock formation in geological past. Definition of “facies”. Facies of sedimentary, metamorphic and magmatic formations. Paleo-facial analysis of sedimentary deposits. Analysis of paleo-facial maps. Methods of reconstruction of initial contents of metamorphic rocks. Physico-chemical methods of determination of paleo-temperatures of ancient basins.

2

4

6

Methods of determination of paleotectonic conditions. Methods of disagreements. Analysis of character of layers and lithology of sedimentary accumulations. Method of capacities. Definition of complex type of cross-sections. Epeirogenic movements and their graphical representation.


2

4

7

Definition of a geological formation. Different interpretations of term ‘formation”. Formations of geonsyncline and platform type. Vertical and horizontal rows of formations. Formational types and specific formations.

2

4



8


Present understanding of structure and evolution of the Earth’s crust. Cosmogenic models of origin of Earth as a planet. Theory of lithosphere plates. Proof of existence of processes of spreading and subduction. Seismological and gravimetrical data on structure of continental and ocean types of crust. Results of super deep drilling. Place of biological processes in evolution of external covers of Earth.



2

4







^ Topic and brief contents of the course

Total hours


lectures

Labs

9

Precambrian stage in the development of Earth. Spreading of Precambrian complexes on the surface. General features of substance contents and structures of Precambrian. Geochronologic and stratigraphic division of Precambrian. Methods of research of Precambrian formations.

Peculiarities of geological structure of early Precambrian (Archean and early Proterozoic). Shields of ancient platforms.

Granulite and amphibolite, ferro-volcanogenic, gneiss-schist formational complexes. Early Precambrian phases of folds and structural features of early Precambrian complexes. Organic residues of archeon and early proterozoic rocks.

Paleo-facial conditions on the surface of Earth and structure of the crust in early Precambrian.

2

4



10

Late Precambrian stage in the development of Earth. Evolutional changes in contents and structure of the earth’s crust. Beginning of geosyncline period. Accumulation of biogenic oxygen in the atmosphere. Point of Paster. Appearance of multicellular animals. Edia-karsk fauna. Stromatolite complexes. Changes in the contents of sea water. Origin of sulfate sediments.

General features of geological structure of Eastern European platform. Structure of Ukrainian and Baltic shields. Formation of g-splits – indicator of commencement of “oxygen stage” in the development of atmosphere.

2

4

11

Early Paleozoic stage in the development of the Earth. Structure of the Earth’s crust. Ancient platforms and seismic zones. Atlantic zone. Grampian geosynclinal. Climatic conditions of early Paleozoic. Origin of skeleton organisms in Cambrian period. Exit of plants to surface.

2

4

12

Paleogeography of western part of Eastern European platform in early Paleozoic.

Late Paleozoic stage in the development of the Earth. Structure of the Earth’s crust. Ancient and Epi-Caledon platforms. Development of Mediterranean, Pacific and Mongolo-Okhotsk seismic zones. Peculiar features of herz orogenesis. Paleogeography of Earth in late Paleozoi. Organic world. Floristic complex of carbon and process of formation of coal. Conditions of formation of Lviv-Volyn coal basin. Paleogeographic conditions in late Paleozoi in the territory of Ukraine.

2

4

13

Mesozoic stage in the development of Earth. Structure of the earth’s crust. Splitting of Gondwana and formation of contemporary oceans. Main tectonic events within platforms, Mediterranean and Pacific seismic zones. Processes of tectonic-magmatic activation and formation of traps. Organic world of Mesozoic. Era of dinosaurs. Origin of mammals. Formation of layers of chalk. Great Mesozoic extinction at the end of chalk. Paleo-geography of Ukraine in Mesozoic. Formation of phosphorites.

4

8

14

Cenozoic stage in the development of the Earth. Structure of the Earth’s crust. Development of Mediterranean and Pacific seismic zones. Paratetis basins. Climatic zones of Cenozoic period. Quaternary icing. Development of mammals. Origin of human beings. Formation of neosphere.


2

4




General features of evolution in the contents of external covers of the Earth. Origination of specific types of formations during different geological epochs. Evolution of the earth’s crust, atmosphere, hydrosphere. Influence of anthropologic factor on modern geological processes.

2

4











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