Ministry of Education of Ukraine Lviv National University named after I. Franko Faculty of Geology icon

Ministry of Education of Ukraine Lviv National University named after I. Franko Faculty of Geology




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НазваMinistry of Education of Ukraine Lviv National University named after I. Franko Faculty of Geology
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Ministry of Education of Ukraine

Lviv National University named after I.Franko

Faculty of Geology

Department of General Geology

APPROVED”

Dean

“ ____” ___________ 2003

Syllabus


Subject: GEOMORPHOLOGY

Specialty: Geological shooting, Research and Excavation

Form of tuition: Fulltime


Extract from Educational Curriculum


Semester

Total hours

Lectures

Labs

Course assignment

credit tests

Exam

6

64

32

32

-

6






Considered at the Recommended by

Department Meeting Methodological Commission

“____” __________2001 “____”____________2001


Head of the Department Head of the Commission

____________________ ____________________



  1. ^ Goal and tasks of the course in geomorphology, its place in educational process.


The goal of the present course in geomorphology is study of the relief of the earth’s surface, its forms and laws of its development.

The tasks of the course are: study of the modern development of structural forms, their representation in relief, its evolution in the result of interaction of endogenous and exogenous processes, using of obtained results for solving scientific and practical problems of geological research.


Upon successful completion of the course students should know:


  • Forms of relief of the earth’s surface and their origin;

  • Interconnection of sediments and relief in their development;

  • Methodology of geomorphologic analysis of forms of relief;

  • Main features of the geomorphologic relief of Ukraine;

  • Be able to read and compile geomorphologic maps;

  • Be able to apply theoretical knowledge to practice for research of mineral deposits.


The following courses are the prerequisites for the course in geomorphology:

  • general geology;

  • historical geology;

  • structural geology and geological mapping;

  • petrography (lithography), etc.


II. Contents of the Course

Topics, their contents and volume in hours.

Part 1. General issues

Тopic 1. (2 hrs.) Definition of geomorphology as a science and its object of study. Methods of geomorphologic research. Connection of geomorphology and quaternary geology. General practical importance of geomorphology and its role in geological research. Basic information from history of origin and development of geomorphologic science.

Тopic 2. (2 hrs). General definitions of relief: forms of relief and its elements, classification of forms of relief as to their external appearance, size; origin of relief, age of relief (absolute and relative).

Тopic 3. ( 2 hrs.). Relief formation factors: properties of mountainous rocks and their role in relief formation, relief and geological structures, types of structural denudation relief, connection between relief and climate.

Part II. Exogenic relief formation processes and relief.

Тopic 4. (2 hrs.). Main forms of relief of plains. Weathering and relief formation. Slopes, sloping processes and relief of slopes.

Тopic 5. (2 hrs.). Development of slopes. Evening surfaces – peneplens, pediments, pediplens. Fluvial processes and forms of relief, erosion, basis of erosion. Relief of temporary water flows. Work of rivers and elements of relief of river valleys: estuary, strectches, terraces, slopes.

Тopic 6. (2 hrs.). Morphologic types of river valleys. Asymmetry of valleys. Erosion and erosion-denudation relief. Types of deltas.


Тopic 7. (2 hrs). Karst forms of relief: forms of relief of surface karst, rivers and valleys of karst regions, underground karst, forms of relief of tropical regions, forms of relief of pseudo-karst.

Тopic 8. (2 hrs.). Glacial forms of relief. Types of glaciers. Forms of mountainous-glacial relief. Process of glacier formation.

Тopic 9. (2 hrs.). Relief of regions of covering pleistocene icing: forms of relief of zone with prevailing glacial denudation, forms of relief of zone with prevailing glacial accumulation. Relief of peri-glacial regions. Relief of permafrost regions.

Тopic 10. (2 hrs.). Forms of relief of arid countries: eolian processes, types of deserts. Forms of deflation relief. Form of corrosion relief. Eolian accumulation forms. Arid-denudation forms of relief.

Тopic 11. (2 hrs.) Forms of relief of the seacoast: relief formation with trasnversal transporting of sediments, form of relief with longitudinal transporting of sediments. Abrasion and relief formation. Types of ingressive shores. Peculiar features of shores of tidal seas. Coral coasts and islands. Marine terraces.

Тopic 12 (2 hrs.). Form of relief of the bottom of the ocean: gravitational underwater processes and their role in relief formation, role in relief formation of bottom and permanent upper currents. Biogenic factors of relief formation. Accumulation processes of the ocean bottom and their role in relief formation.

Тopic 13. (2 hrs). Geomorphologic research – general and special. Role of geological research for geological shooting. Methods of geomorphologic research – visual and instrumental. Types of visual methods of geomorphologic research – route observation and method of geomorphologic profiles. Requirements to characteristics of relief at points of observation.

Тopic 14. (2 hrs.). Geomorphologic maps: general and special. Classification of maps as to their scale and their characteristics. Genetic categories of elements and forms of relief represented on geomorphologic maps. Indication of age and morphology of relief in geomorphologic maps. Synthetic and analytic geomorphologic maps and their characteristics.


Part II. Endogenous relief formation processes and relief.

Тopic 15. (2 hrs.). Relief formation role of tectonic movements in the Earth’s crust: folded displacements and their role in relief formation, faults and their role in relief formation, vertical and horizontal movements and their role in relief formation. Role of magmatism in relief formation. Earthquakes as a factor of endogenous relief formation.

Тopic 16. (2 hrs). Planetary forms of relief. Megaforms of relief of continents: megarelief of strong stable platforms (ancient and young), mega relief of activated platforms or epiplatform orogenic zones, megarelief of geosyncline zones, megarelief of underwater edges of continents. Megarelief of geosyncline zones – transitional zones. Megarelief of the bottom of the ocean. Megarelief of median ocean ridges.


Laboratory classes

Тopic 1. (4hrs.). Methods of research and cartography of geomorphology. Geomorphologic map – model of relief of the Earth’ surface. Legends and maps of different scales. Ways of representing geomorphologic objects. Main genetic categories of elements and forms of relief and their representation on general geomorphologic maps. Geomorphologic decoding of aerospace shots. Using aerospace pictures for geomorphologic mapping with different scales.

Тopic 2. (2 hrs.). Decoding aerospace shots with endogenous and exogenous forms of relief. Design of geomorphologic maps for different regions using decoding results.

Topic 3. (2 hrs.). Decoding glacial and water-glacial genetic categories of relief and design of geomorphologic map-scheme in accordance with the legend. Design of geomorphologic map-scheme.

Topic 4. (2 hrs.). Decoding eolian genetic categories of relief and design of geomorphologic map-scheme in accordance with the legend. Design of geomorphologic map-scheme.

Topic 5. (2 hrs.). Decoding marine and fluvial genetic categories of relief and design of geomorphologic map-scheme in accordance with the legend. Design of geomorphologic map-scheme.

Topic 6. (2 hrs.). Decoding volcanic genetic categories of relief and design of geomorphologic map-scheme in accordance with the legend. Design of geomorphologic map-scheme.

Topic 7. (2 hrs.). Decoding cryogenic categories of relief and design of geomorphologic map-scheme in accordance with the legend. Design of geomorphologic map-scheme.

Topic 8. (2 hrs.). Decoding aerospace shots and design of geomorphologic map according to the legend.

Topic 9 (2 hrs.). Types of geomorphologic maps: analytical and synthetic maps. Special decoding of topographic maps.

Topic 10 (2 hrs.). Analysis of morphography and morphometry of relief of geological maps. Design of orohydrographic scheme for geological map.


Topic 11 (2 hrs.). Design of morphometric maps:

1) densities of horizontal division:

2) densities of vertical division.

Topic 12 (2 hrs.). Design of transversal and longitudinal topoprofiles of river valleys, watersheds.

Topic 13 (2 hrs.). Design of geomorphologic map and its legend.

Тopic14 (4 hrs). Writing chapters for reports:

- orohydrography

- geomorphology




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