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The lion and the mouse




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Вчитель англійської мови

Мороз Олена Валеріївна


2011





THE LION AND THE MOUSE

A lion was sleeping under a tree. Suddenly he heard some noise and opened his eyes. He saw a little mouse near his nose. He caught her by the tail. The mouse was frightened and cried, "Oh, please, sir, let me go." "Why did you make so much noise?" said the lion angrily.

"I am sorry. I was only looking for something to eat. Let mc go. Perhaps, I shall help you one day."

The lion laughed, but he let the mouse go. He was a kind lion.

One day a young hunter was walking in the forest when he heard the lion's roars. He called up other hunters and they put a net near the lion's drinking place. When the lion felt thirsty, he went to the river. I le didn't see the net and got into it. He roared and struggled but he couldn’t do anything to free himself.

Suddenly he saw the mouse. The little animal was working on the net with her teeth. Soon she cut the ropes and freed the lion. "You laughed at me when I promised to help you," said the mouse. "When I heard you roaring I ran to help you, and now you see what I have done for you."


Post-listening

1. Say if the following statements are true or false.

  1. A lion was sleeping under the tree.

  2. He didn't hear the noise.

  3. The lion caught the mouse by the nose.

  4. The lion was not angry.

  5. He let the mouse go.

  6. The mouse couldn't help the lion.

2. Choose the correct item to finish the sentence.

1. He saw a mouse ....

  1. under the tree

  2. near his nose

  3. near his tail

2. He caught the mouse by ... .

  1. nose

  2. tail

  3. hair

3. The lion was ....
a) good

b)bad c) kind

4. The hunters put up ... .

  1. a set

  2. a pet

  3. a net

5. The lion was thirsty and went to the ... .

  1. lake

  2. river

  3. pond

6. The mouse was working with her ....

  1. mouth

  2. legs

  3. teeth

3. Answer the questions.

  1. Who did the lion catch? Why?

  2. Did the lion let the mouse go? Why?

  3. Who came to the forest one day?

  4. What did they do with the lion?

  5. Who helped the lion to be free?

  6. How did she do it?


^ A FUNNY STORY

While-listening

Listen to the text and give a title to it.

Some gentlemen were sitting in a little restaurant in the country. They had their dogs with them which were lying quietly under the table. The gentlemen talked about their dogs, what was good and what was bad about them.

After some time the door opened, and an old lady came in with a dog. She sat down at the next table, ordered something to eat and listened to the gentlemen's conversation. When the gentlemen noticed this, they started to tell each other in loud voices how clever their dogs were.

One of them said, "You won't believe how intelligent my dog is. When I want some eggs, I can send him to the supermarket, and he'll get them. And he will only take fresh eggs. Isn't that clever?"

"That's nothing," said another one, "When I want cigarettes and send my dog to the supermarket, he'll only take the cigarettes I like best."

"Have you ever seen dogs as clever as ours?" one of the men asked the old lady.

"Oh yes, I have," she answered. "Just have a look at my dog here. He is the manager of the supermarket where your dogs go shopping


Post-listening

1. Answer the questions.

  1. What were the dogs doing in the restaurant?

  2. What do the two dogs buy in the supermarket?

  3. What did the gentlemen tell each other?

2. Choose the correct item to finish the sentence.

1. The lady got into the restaurant ....

  1. because the door was open

  2. because she wanted something to eat

  3. because there were some dogs there

2. The dog which bought the eggs in the supermarket....

  1. didn't pay for the eggs

  2. broke the eggs

  3. didn't take old eggs

3. When the old lady, who was very polite, ordered something to eat,
she said, ...

  1. "Can I have something to eat?"

  2. "Fetch me something to eat."

  3. "You must bring me something to eat."

3. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct past form.

1.1 (to see) ... some gentlemen in a restaurant.

  1. Their dogs (to be) ... under the table.

  2. They (to eat) ... their dinner.

  3. They (to drink) ... lemonade.

  4. Suddenly their dogs (to ran) ... out of the restaurant.

  5. The gentlemen (to leave) ... the restaurant to run after the dogs.

  6. They (to catch) ... them.

  7. Then they returned and (to pay) ... their bill.


AUTUMN

PRE-LISTENING

Discussion Points

  1. Autumn is a "tasty" season.

  2. Autumn is a beautiful season.

  3. Children like autumn because school begins in September.

Autumn comes after summer and before winter. The autumn months are September, October and November. The days become shorter and the nights become longer. It is getting cool.' Birds fly away to warm countries. The leaves are red, yellow, green and brown. September is a "tasty" month. Farmers are busy in the fields and in the gardens. Autumn is a harvest time. School begins in September. Children are happy to see their friends and teachers.

In October strong winds blow. The leaves fall down on the ground. The mornings are misty.. By the end of November the trees are bare. The rains come down with snow.


POST-LISTENING

1. Answer the questions.

  1. When does school year begin?

  2. Do birds sing in the trees in autumn?

  3. Do the days become longer and the nights shorter in autumn?

  4. Is autumn a harvest time?

  5. Why is September a "tasty" month?

  6. Are trees still green in November?

  7. Does it often rain in autumn?


2. Fill in the grid. Put the ticks.

autumn month

a lot of

fruit

a lot of vegetables

rains with snow

school begins

coloured leaves

September
















October
















November

















3. Translate into English (orally).

  1. Осінь — "смачна" пора року.

  2. Восени багато фруктів та городини.

  3. У листопаді дерева голі.

  4. Восени віє холодний вітер.

  5. Шкільний рік починається у вересні.

  6. Діти раді бачити своїх друзів та вчителів.

^ MY FAVOURITE TIME OF THE YEAR

Pre-listening

Discussion points:

  1. What does the word 'favourite' mean? What can be favourite?

  2. Can it be a toy / a game / a TV programme?

  3. Have you got your favourite season?

  4. All the seasons of the year are good. Give your reasons.

II. Listening

Listen to the text "My favourite time of the year".


My favourite time of the year is spring.

Spring comes after winter and before summer. Snow melts in spring. Birds come back from warm countries. They build their nests. Sometimes it's chilly and windy outside. It often rains in spring. But it is good for plants.

The trees shoot out new leaves. Green grass and flowers grow in the gardens and parks.

I like to help my parents to work in the garden. When the days are warm and sunny I can play football and ride my bicycle.

III. Post-listening

1. Answer the following questions.

  1. When does spring come?

  2. Is it chilly and windy in early spring?

  3. Does it often rain in spring?

  4. Are spring rains good for plants?

  5. What can you do outside when the days are warm and sunny?

  6. Can you play football and ride a bicycle?

  7. Do you go in for sports?

2. Are the following statements true (+) or false (-)?

  1. Spring comes after winter and before autumn.

  2. It often rains in spring.

  3. The spring months are February, April and May.

  4. The trees shoot out new leaves in spring.

  5. Snow melts in May.

  6. In spring birds come back from warm countries.




  1. Write a short composition on the topic "My favourite time of the year". Write about 6 sentences.



^ OLENA'S WORKING DAY

I. Pre-listening

Discussion points:

  1. Do you like to go to school?

  2. Is it a busy time for you?

  3. Have you got favourite subjects?

II. Listening

Listen to the text "Olena 's working day".


Olena is a schoolgirl. She is 9 years old. She goes to school # 9. She has got five or six lessons every day. Her favourite subject is English. She likes to read, write and speak English. In the lessons of Maths she counts and does sums. Olena is good at Maths. Between the lessons pupils have short breaks. On the playground they can run, jump and play games. School is over at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Olena goes home. She puts away her schoolbag, washes her hands and has dinner. For dinner she usually has some soup or borshch, meat or fish with potatoes and a glass of juice. When she finishes her dinner she washes the dishes. Then she can have a rest.

III. Post-listening

/. Answer the following questions.

  1. Is Olena a schoolgirl?

  2. How old is she?

  3. How many lessons has she got every day?

  4. What's her favourite subject?

  5. Is she good at Maths?

  6. What do the children do during short breaks?

  7. When is school over?

  8. What does Olena usually have for dinner?

  9. Does she wash up after dinner?

2. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate word from the box.

dinner, is over, is good at, favourite, short breaks, speak English, play games

  1. Mary ... reading.

  2. Children like to ... in the yard.

  3. Between the lessons pupils have ....

  4. When school..., Peter comes home.

  5. He puts away his schoolbag, washes his hands and has ... .

  6. Do you ... in the lessons of English?

  7. What is your ... subject at school?

3Describe Olena's working day.

4. Work in pairs. Make up a dialogue on the topic "My working day". Write about 10 sentences.

^ THE FOX AND THE GRAPES

One day the Fox sees some sweet grapes on a wall. The Fox wants to eat the sweet grapes. But the sweet grapes are very high on the wall. So the Fox jumps to get the grapes.

He jumps again and again, but he cannot get the grapes.

Then the Fox says, "The grapes are green and sour. They are very sour". And he goes away.

Do not say, "I do not want that" just because you can't have it!

Level 1

True (+) orfalse (-)?

  1. The Fox sees some sweet grapes on a vine tree.

  2. He wants to eat sweet grapes.

  3. The Fox can get the grapes.

  4. The grapes are too high.

  5. The Fox doesn't like the grapes.

  6. He goes away.

Level 2

Answer the questions.

  1. Where are the grapes?

  2. Do they look tasty?

  3. Are the grapes high on the wall?

  4. Can the Fox reach them?

  5. Why doesn't the Fox eat the grapes?

Level 3

Translate into English.

  1. Лисиця живе у лісі.

  2. У неї червоне хутро.

  3. Лисиця любить їсти м'ясо.

Level 4

Write 6 sentences to retell the text "The Fox and the Grapes".





^ THE BLIND MAN AND THE GREAT ARTIST


Every day in one of the streets of Vienna you could see a blind man playing the violin. His dog sat near him with a cap in his mouth. People, who were passing them, dropped coins into the cap.

One day, when the weather was very cold, the man was playing for a long time, but nobody wanted to give him anything. The poor man thought he would have to go to bed without supper. He was so tired and weak that he stopped playing.

At the moment a young man came up to him and asked him, "Why have you stopped playing?" The blind man said, "I have played for two hours but nobody gave me anything." "Give me your violin. I shall help you", said the man. And with these words he began to play. He played so well that people began to gather and soon there was a big crowd. Everybody was eager to listen to the fine music and to thank the young man for the pleasure.

Soon the cap was full of money.

"I don't know how to thank you," said the blind man. "Who are you?"

"I am Paganini," was the answer.

II. Post-listening

1. Match the following English expressions to their Ukrainian equiva­lents.

  1. a blind man а) ніхто мені нічого не дав

  2. to drop coins b) всі хотіли послухати

  3. nobody gave me anything c) сліпий

  4. people began to gather d) незабаром зібрався натовп

  5. soon there was a big crowd є) кидати монети

  6. everybody was eager to listen f) почали збиратися люди

2. Choose the correct variant.

1. Every day in one of the streets of Vienna you could see a blind man ....

a) playing football b)playing the guitar

c) playing the violin

2. People, who were passing the blind man and his dog, ....

  1. dropped coins into the cap

  2. gave them some food

  3. fed the dog

3. One day the weather was ....

  1. cool

  2. very cold

  3. rainy

4. The blind man was ... that he stopped playing.

  1. so tired and weak

  2. so hungry and cold

  3. so tired and cold

5. At that moment... came up to him.

  1. an old man

  2. a young man

  3. a woman

6. Everybody ... to listen to the fine music.

  1. wanted

  2. was eager

  3. wished

3. From three possible answers (a, b, c) choose the best one.

1. His dog sat near him with ... in his mouth.

  1. a cap

  2. a stick

  3. a hat

2. The poor man thought he would have to go to bed without....

  1. tea

  2. supper

  3. dinner

3. "Give me your .... I shall help you," said the man.

  1. guitar

  2. violin c)dog

4. With these words the young man began ....

  1. to play

  2. to sing

  3. to dance


^ MY SUMMER HOLIDAYS

WHILE-LISTENING ACTIVITY

Listen to the story and answer the questions.

  1. Have you ever been to the Crimea? How did you like it there?

  2. Do you like to take a tour or cruise on your holidays?

^ MY SUMMER HOLIDAYS

I'd like to tell you about my last summer holidays. I spent them in the Crimea not far from Sevastopol. One day my mother suggested that we should go there, and our family began to discuss our plans for summer holidays. We decided that it was a wonderful idea. So time flew quickly, and one summer day our family started for our journey to Sevastopol. We got there by train and at last I had an excellent opportunity to go round the city, to see the places of interest. You know, there are a lot of historical monuments in this city and besides, wonderful seashore. We enjoyed our staying in Sevastopol. Then we decided to visit our relatives who lived in Odesa. We liked our trip from Sevastopol to Odesa very much. The Black Sea was calm. We enjoyed sitting on the deck in the lounge chairs. While resting in Odesa we went boating and swimming, lay in the sun on the beach.

In the evening we either went for a walk or dropped in a cafe to have an ice cream or juice. My father showed me the beautiful monuments to the famous people who had lived in Odesa, museums and the Opera House.

We managed to get the tickets for a wonderful performance and it deeply impressed us. The weather was fine and warm. When it was time to go home, we were sorry to leave that marvellous city.

^ POST-LISTENING ACTIVITY

Level 1

Are these statements "true" or "false"?

1.1 spent my summer holidays in the Crimea.

2. One day my father suggested that we should go to the Crimea.

  1. One summer day our family started our journey to Sevastopol.

  2. We got there by car.

5.1 had an excellent opportunity to go round the country.

  1. Then we decided to visit our relatives who lived in Simferopol.

  2. We enjoyed our trip from Sevastopol to Odesa very much.

  3. The Black Sea was calm.

  4. In the evening we went to the theatre.

10. We bought tickets for a wonderful performance.

Level 2

Choose the best variant to complete the sentences.

1.1 would like to tell you about....

  1. my family

  2. my summer holidays

  3. my last summer holidays

2. One day my mother suggested that we should ....

  1. spend our holidays in the country

  2. go to the Crimea

  3. visit our relatives in Odesa

3. At last I had an excellent opportunity ....

  1. to go round the city

  2. to swim and lie in the sun

  3. to see my friends

4. Then we decided to visit... who lived in Odesa.

  1. our grandparents

  2. our relatives

  3. our classmates

5. The Black Sea was ....

  1. blue and deep

  2. dark and roaring

  3. calm

6. In the evening we ....

  1. went for a walk

  2. stayed at home

  3. went to the cinema

7. My father showed me ....

  1. his school

  2. the sea port

  3. the beautiful monuments, museums and the Odesa Opera House

8. We bought tickets ....

  1. to the theatre

  2. to the circus

  3. to the local cinema

9. The performance ....

  1. was excellent

  2. was boring

  3. was not very interesting

10. We were sorry ....

  1. to hear the news

  2. because of the weather

  3. to leave the city

Level 3

Answer the questions.

  1. Where did you spend your summer holidays?

  2. Who suggested going to the Crimea?

  3. Was it a wonderful idea? Why?

  4. How did you get there?

  5. What places of interest did you visit there?

  6. Whom did you decide to visit?

  7. What did you do while staying in Odesa?

  8. What was the weather like in Odesa?

Level 4

Write about your friend's summer holidays.

^ GOING FOR A SONG

Pre-listening

Today is Natalia's birthday. Let's congratulate her and sing "Happy Birth­day" for her. Do you know the story of this song? Would you like to listen to it? Here are some new words:

going for a song — to sell at a very low price;

royalties — sum paid to the owner of the copyright or patent;

in public — openly, not in private.


In English going for a song means something is for sale at a very low price. But what do real songs cost? They aren't cheap. Let's look at the most famous English song of all — "Happy Birthday to You". People have been singing it at birthday parties for more than one hundred years. Two American sisters called Patty Smith Hill and Mildred Hill wrote the song. Its first title was "Good Morning to All". The sisters taught at a kindergarten in Louisville, Kentucky. Their song was in a little book called Song Stories for Sunday School. They sold their song to the Sengstack family of Princeton, New Jersey. The Sengstack family earned one million dollars every year for the song. How? The answer is royalties. People must pay royalties when they sing "Happy Birthday" in public, for example, at the theatre, on television or in a film. Then the Seng­stack family sold "Happy Birthday" to an American company called Warner Chappell. Did they sell it for a song? Absolutely not. Warner Chappell paid twenty-five million dollars for it.

Post-listening

1. Circle the letter of the best answer.

1. In English going for a song means something is for sale ....

  1. at a high price

  2. at a low price

2. But the real price of songs is ... .

  1. low

  2. high

3. People have been singing "Happy Birthday" for ... .

  1. 200 years

  2. 100 years

4. The song was written by ... .
a) two sisters

b) two brothers

5. The Sengstack family earned ... per year for the song.

  1. one million dollars

  2. half a million dollars

6. Warner Chappell paid ... for the song.

  1. 25 million dollars

  2. 30 million dollars

2. Put the words in brackets into the correct tense.

  1. People (to sing)... it at birthday parties for 100 years.

  2. Two American sisters (to write)... the song.

  3. They (to sell)... the song to the Sengstack family.

  4. That family (to earn)... 1 million dollars every year.

  5. Warner Chappell (to pay)... 25 million dollars for the song.

3. Role-play

Work in groups of four or five. Make a radio report about the history of the song "Happy Birthday to You". Send the best wishes to your friend. Do you know any other interesting stories about famous songs?


^ A CHINESE DINNER


Pre-listening

  1. Have you ever been to a Chinese restaurant?

  2. Do you know the way they eat in these restaurants?

  3. What Chinese dishes do you know?



Mr Wilson was a London businessman. He had to travel all over the world.

Once he went to China on business. It was his first time there and he did not speak Chinese. In the evening he felt hungry and decided to go to a restaurant. Soon he found a small restaurant which he liked very much, because it was nice, with very clean table cloths and white napkins on the tables.

The waiter did not understand English and so Mr Wilson tried to show with his hands that he was hungry and wanted something to eat.

The waiter smiled, he understood.

After some time he brought him some soup. It was excellent. Fifteen minutes later he brought him a plate full of small pieces of meat. Mr Wilson found it very good but he did not know what he was eating.

He wanted to find out what kind of meat it was. "Perhaps, it's goose or duck," he thought.

Suddenly he had an idea: he took a piece of meat, showed it to the waiter and asked, "Quack, quack?"

The waiter smiled and answered, "Bow-wow."

Post-listening

1. Complete the following sentences.

  1. Mr Wilson did not work only in London, he also worked in ... .

  2. He was hungry and so he ... .

  3. He wanted to know what kind of... .

  4. On the plate there were ....

  5. Mr Wilson found it very ....

  6. The table cloth was clean, and ....

2. Agree or disagree.

  1. Mr Wilson went to China on business.

  2. In the evening he went to a restaurant.

  3. The waiter smiled.

  4. Mr Wilson felt hungry in the evening.

  5. The waiter brought him some soup.

  6. The waiter brought the plate fifteen minutes later.

  7. It was duck's meat.

3. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct past form.

  1. Mr Wilson (to travel)... to China.

  2. He (to stop)... at a restaurant.

  3. He (to want) ... to show that he was hungry.

  4. The waiter (to put)... a plate on the table.

  5. He (to read) ... an English newspaper.


^ BOOKS IN MY LIFE

Some people read for instruction and some for pleasure, but the majority read from habit. I belong to that group. Let us admit that reading with us is just a drag that we cannot get along without.

Books are necessary for me. I never travel far without enough reading matter. But when I set off for a long journey, that problem is really great. I have learned my lesson. Once I fell ill in a small town in Java and had to stay in bed for three months. I came to the end of all the books I had brought with me, so I had to buy the schoolbooks from which intelligent Javanese, I suppose, got knowl­edge of French and German. So, I read again after twenty-five years the plays of Goethe, the fables of La Fontaine and the tragedies of Racine. I have the greatest admiration for Racine, but I admit that to read his plays one after the other requires a certain effort in a person who is ill. Since then I have made a point of travelling with a large sack full of books for every possible occasion and every mood.

There are books of all kinds: volumes of verses, novels, philosophical works, critical studies, biographies on history. There are books to read when you are ill and books to read when your brain wants something to work at; there are books for bad weather; there are books to read at the sea, and there are books you can read when you can read nothing else.

Post-listening Read the statements and say if they are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The majority of people read for instruction.

  2. When I travel, I usually take a lot of books with me.

  3. It's a hard job to read the tragedies of Racine.

  4. You read books only to obtain knowledge.


POTATOES

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth two plants were brought to England for the first time by Sir Walter Raleigh - the tobacco-plant and the potato. Sir Walter had sailed across the seas to America in search of new lands; and he brought back both these plants with him.

At first people did not like the potato at all. Nobody wished to eat it. Yet Sir Waiter told them how useful it would be. He said that when the corn-harvest was not good, people did not need to starve if they had a lot of

potatoes.

Queen Elizabeth listened to what Sir Walter said, and had potatoes served up at her own table. The people who dined with her majesty were obliged to eat them. But they said that the potato was poisonous, because it belongs to many other poisonous plants. So nobody wanted to eat potatoes, and

they were left for the pigs.

The people did not find out their mistake till many years afterwards. The poor potato was forgotten till the reign of the French King Louis XVI. when there lived a Frenchman who grew plants for food. He was sure that he could make the potato a great help to the country. People laughed at him at first and did not want to take any notice of what he said. But he went on growing the potato till it was very good. Even then no one wanted to taste it till the king said that potatoes were good to eat. The king had large pieces of ground planted with potatoes, and he went about with the flower of the potato in his button-hole. Soon people began to find out how good whole­some potatoes were, and they liked them more and more. Now there is hardly any vegetable that is more loved by people.

Vocabulary:

reign - the period of time during which someone is king or queen; ^ Walter Raleigh - Вальтер Ролі, англійський мореплавець (1552-1618); in search of - to examine carefully in order to find a person or thing; to starve - to suffer or die from hunger; to serve up - to supply, give food to people at a meal; to be obliged to do sth - to do something as a favour or in answer to a request;

to take any notice - to pay attention to something or someone; wholesome - healthy, suggesting good health.

Post-listening

1. Mark true (+) or false (-) statements.

  1. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth two books were brought to England.

  2. Sir Walter had sailed across the seas to America in search of new lands.

  3. At first people did not like the potato at all.

  4. Everybody wanted to eat it.

  5. The people who dined with her majesty were obliged to eat potatoes.

  6. Nobody wanted to eat potatoes.

  7. There lived a Frenchman who grew plants for food.

  8. He went on growing the potato till it was very good.

  9. The king had large pieces of ground planted with potatoes.




  1. Now there is hardly any vegetable that is more loved by pigs.

  2. Find out what the main idea of the text is.

III. Fill in the blanks.

  1. In the ___ of Queen Elizabeth two plants were brought to England.

  2. Sir Walter had across the seas to America of new lands.

  3. At first people did not like the at all.

  4. The people who dined with her majesty to eat them.

  5. So nobody wanted to potatoes, and they were left for the pigs.

  6. The poor potato was till the reign of French King Louis XVI.

  7. People laughed at him at first and did not want to take any of what he said.

  1. The king had large pieces of ground with potatoes.

  2. He went about with the of the potato in his button-hole.

10. Now there is hardly any that is more loved by people.

IV. Comprehension check. Make the choice.

1. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth two plants were brought to ...

  1. France;

  2. England;

  3. Ireland.

2. Sir Walter had sailed across the seas to America in search of...

  1. new friends;

  2. new lands;

  3. new books.

3. At first people did not like the ... at all.

  1. apple;

  2. potato;

  3. avocado.

4. People... at him at first and did not want to take any notice of what he said.

  1. cried;

  2. smiled;

  3. laughed.

5. ... had large pieces of ground planted with potatoes.

  1. The queen;

  2. The king;

  3. A Frenchman.

V. Answer the questions.

  1. What plants did Sir Walter Raleigh bring to England?

  2. Where did he bring them from?

  3. Did people like the potato at once?

  4. What did people tell about the potato plant?

  5. Who did people laugh at in the reign of Louis XVI?




  1. What French King said that potatoes were good to eat?

  2. Soon people found out how tasty and wholesome potatoes were, didn't they?

^ CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

In the fifteenth century people knew only three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa. They knew nothing about such a big continent as Amer­ica.

The man who was thought to be the discoverer of America was born in 1451 in Italy. His name was Christopher Columbus. He became a sailor at an early age. Knowing that the Earth was round, he decided to reach India by sailing to the west. It was very difficult for him to organise his expedition as nobody wanted to help him. Many years after the Spanish government gave him some money for his expedition. He was able to set sail only in

1492, on the 3rd of August.

The voyage was very dangerous and difficult. His men insisted on returning home, but Columbus did everything he could to make them con­tinue their westward voyage. On the 12th of October, his ships reached land. When they landed, they saw strange trees and flowers. Men and women with olive-coloured skins gathered around them and looked at them with great surprise. It was one of the Bahama Islands. But Christopher Columbus thought it was one of the islands which lie off the coast of Asia and called

it San Salvador.

Columbus's second voyage to America took place in 1493. This time he discovered some other islands of the West Indies and made some settle­ments there.

On the third voyage he came to South America.

In 1502 he made his last voyage. This time he coasted along the shores of Central America. In 1506 he died in Spain being sure that he had reached Asia and knowing nothing of his great discovery of the New World.

Vocabulary:

discoverer - a person who has made a discovery; to be able to - to have the power, means or opportunity; to insist - to urge strongly against opposition; to declare that a pur­pose cannot be changed;

^ Bahama Islands - Багамські острови;

settlement - a group of houses and buildings where people live, in an area where no group lived before;

discovery - the act of discovering something.

Post-listening

1. Find what the main idea of the text is. II. Comprehension check. Make the choice.

1. In the ... century people knew only three continents.

  1. thirteenth;

  2. fifteenth;

  3. seventeenth.

2. In the fifteenth century people knew only ...

  1. three continents;

  2. four continents;

  3. five continents.

3. The man who was thought to be the discoverer of America was born in 1451 in...

  1. Italy;

  2. Austria;

  3. Japan.

4. His name was ...

  1. Christopher Columbus;

  2. Marco Polo;

  3. Yuriy Gagarin.

5. Knowing that the Earth was round, he decided to reach India ...

  1. by train;

  2. by sailing;

  3. by plane.

6. Many years after the ... government gave him some money for his expedition.

  1. Spanish;

  2. Italian;

  3. Greek.

7. On the ... his ships reached land.

  1. 25th of September;

  2. 12th of October;

  3. 20th of October.

  1. Men and women with ... skins gathered around them and looked at
    them with great surprise

  1. red-coloured;

  2. olive-coloured;

  3. black-coloured.

9. It was one of the ...

  1. Aland Islands;

  2. Bahama Islands;

  3. Aleutian Islands.

10. In ... he made his last voyage. a) 1502;

b)1493;

c) 1602.

^ A GOOD FRIEND

Three men were travelling in South Africa. For about a week they had almost no food. At last one of them said that he would go out of the hut, where they were staying, and bring back something to eat, even if it were a lion. He had not gone far when he met a lion. As the Hon rushed towards Mm, he tamed and ran in the direction of the hut. When he ran up to the hut door, which was open, he stumbled and fell and the lion burst into the hut. The man jumped to his feet, closed the door, and shouted to his friends inside, "Here you are, mates. Skin that one, while I'll be looking for another."

Vocabulary:

hut—хатина;

in the direction of—у напрямку до;

to stumble — спотикатися;

to bars! (burst, burst) into — вриватися, вдертися;

to skin — здирати шкіру.

Post-listening

I. Answer the questions,

  1. Where were the three men travelling?

  2. How long were they without food?

  3. What did one of the men say at last?

  4. Was he going to bring back something to eat?

  5. Did the man meet a lion?

  6. What did the lion do when it saw the man?

  7. What did the man do when the lion rushed at him?

  8. In what direction did the man rash?

  9. What happened to the man when he ran up to the hut door?

10. Who burst into the hut through the open door?

  1. What did the man shout to his friend?

  2. Were the two men in the hut glad to see the Hon inside?

II. Complete the sentences.

  1. Three men were travelling...

  2. For about a week they had almost...

  3. At last one of them said that he would...

  4. As the lion rushed towards him, be turned and ran...

  5. Skin that one, while I'll be looking...

III. Put the sentences in the correct order.

  1. The man jumped to his feet and closed the door

  2. He had not gone far when he met a lion.

  3. Three men were travelling.

  4. When he ran up to the hut door, which was open, he stumbled and fell.



^ A SAD STORY

Three men came to New York for a holiday. They came to a very large hotel and took a room there. Their room was on the forty-fifth floor.

In the evening the three men went to the theatre and came back to the hotel very late.

"I am very sorry," said the hotel clerk, "but our lifts are not working. If you do not want to walk up to your room, you will have to sleep in the hall."

"No, no," said one of the three men, "no, thank you. We do not want to sleep in the hall. We shall walk up to our room."

Then he turned to his two friends and said: "It is not easy to walk up to the forty-fifth floor, but I think I know how to make it easier. I shall tell you some jokes; then you, Andy, will sing us some songs; then you, Peter, will tell us some interesting stories. That will pass the time."

So they began to walk up to their room. Tom told them many jokes; Andy sang some songs. At last they came to the thirty-fourth floor. They were very tired.

"Well," said Tom, "now it is your turn, Peter. Tell us a long and interest­ing story with a sad ending."

"I shall tell you a story," said Peter. "It is not long, but it is sad enough: we left the key to our room in the hall."

Post-listening

1. Tick whether the following statements True or False.

  1. Four men came to New York for a holiday.

  2. Their room was on the forty-fifth floor.

  3. In the evening the three men went to the theatre and came back to the

hotel very early.

  1. "I am very sorry," said the hotel clerk, "but our lifts are not working."

  2. We do not want to sleep in the hall.

  3. We shall not walk up to our room.

7. One of the three men said: "It is easy to walk up to the forty-fifth

floor."

  1. One of the three men said: "I shall tell you some jokes."

  2. So they began to walk up to their room.

10. At last they came to the thirty-fourth floor. They were very tired.

II. Put the sentences in the correct order and translate them into Ukrai­nian.

1. Then he turned to his two friends and said: "It is not easy to walk up

to the forty-fifth floor."

  1. Three men came to New York for a holiday.

  2. "I am very sorry," said the hotel clerk, "but our lifts are not working."

  1. In the evening the three men went to the theatre and came back to the hotel very late.

  1. They came to a very large hotel and took a room there.

  2. If you do not want to walk up to your room, you will have to sleep in

the hall.

7. So they began to walk up to their room.

8.1 shall tell you some jokes; then you, Andy, will sing us some songs, then you, Peter, will tell us some interesting stories.

  1. "I shall tell you a story," said Peter. "It is not long, but it is sad enough: we left the key to our room in the hall."

  2. Their room was on the forty-fifth floor.

///. Fill in the gaps using the words given below.

We shall (1) to our room. I shall tell you (2) jokes. We (3) not want to sleep in the hall. They (4) a room there. "I am (5) sorry," (6) the hotel clerk. "No, no," said one of the (7) men.

a) walk up; b) said; c) three; d) some; e) very; f) do; g) took.


CONTENTS

Chapter 1. 6 Form……………………………………………………2

1. The lion and the mouse………………………………………………..3

2. A funny story………………………………………………………….4

3. Autumn……………………………………………………………….6

4. My favourite time of the year………………………………………….7

5. Olena’s working day…………………………………………………..9

6. The fox and the grapes……………………………………………….10

Chapter 2. 8 Form……………………………………………………12

7. The blind man and the great artist……………………………………13

8. My summer holidays………………………………………………...15

9. Going for a song……………………………………………………...17

10. A Chinese dinner…………………………………………………....19

11. Books in my life…………………………………………………….21

12. Potatoes…………………………………………………………….21

13. Christopher Columbus……………………………………………...24

14. Good friend………………………………………………………...27

15. A sad story………………………………………………………….28




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